Aichi Biodiversity Targets 2011 - 2020

Strategic Goal C - Target 12

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

Related with Sustainable Development Goals

  1. Target 14.4
    By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  2. Target 15.5
    Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
  3. Target 15.7
    Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

Related articles


  1. Birds and biodiversity targets: what do birds tell us about progress to the Aichi Targets and requirements for the post-2020 biodiversity framework?. BirdLife International. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  2. Global Biodiversity Outlook 5, 2020. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  3. The State of the World’s Forests 2020. Forests, biodiversity and people, 2020. FAO and UNEP, Rome, Italy. pp. 214. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  4. Australia’s reptiles threatened by invasive species, climate change – IUCN Red List. Retrieved July 06, 2018, from — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  5. Burgess, M.G., McDermott, G.R., Owashi, B., Reeves, L.E.P., Clavelle, T., Ovando, D., Wallace, B.P., Lewison, R.L., Gaines, S.D. & Costello, C. (2018). Protecting Marine Mammals, Turtles, and Birds by Rebuilding Global Fisheries. American Association for the Advancement of Science, United States of America. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  6. Basten, G. (15/03/2018). Activists eye bigger roles for local officials, businesses in Indonesia’s orangutan protection plan. Retrieved March 16, 2018, from — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  7. Huge Victory for Pangolins in Sabah. Retrieved March 13, 2018, from — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  8. Message of the Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Dr. Cristiana Pasca Palmer, on the occasion of World Wildlife Day (March 2018) — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  9. Stanford, C.B., Rhodin, A.G.J., Van Dijk, P.P., Horne, B.D., Blanck, T., Goode, E.V., Hudson, R., Russell, R.W., Currylow, A., Eisemberg, C., Frankel, M., Georges, A., Gibbons, P.M., Juvik, J.O., Kuchling, G., Luiselli, L., Shi, H., Singh, S. & Walde, A.D. (2018). Turtles in Trouble : The World’s 25+ Most Endangered Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles. Turtle Conservation Coalition, United States of America. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  10. Meijaard, E., Garcia-Ulloa, J, Sheil, D, Wich, S., Carlson, K.M, Juffe-Bignoli, D & Brooks, T.M (2018). Oil palm and biodiversity : a situation analysis by the IUCN Oil Palm Task Force. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 116. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  11. A country and regional prioritisation for supporting implementation of CITES provisions for sharks, 2018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) . pp. 199. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  12. Guidelines for Species Conservation Planning, 2017. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 114. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  13. Will current conservation responses save the Critically Endangered Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis?. Oryx 50 (2), 2015 — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  14. 2014 Annual Report of the Species Survival Commission and the Global Species Programme. International Union for Conservation of Nature. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
  15. Vie, J.-C, Hilton-Taylor, C. & Stuart, S.N. (2009). Wildlife in a Changing World - An Analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. pp. 180. — [ Adobe PDF (PDF) ]
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